The first mention of the city of Tambov is found in the Old Tambov Chronicler and dates to 1636, when construction of the city began on the left bank of the Tsna River by decree of Tsar Mikhail Fedorovich.
The city was built as a fortress city to protect the southern borders of the Russian state against nomad raids. In the course of time Tambov becomes an important historical center and one of the leading cities of the Central Black Earth district. Today, Tambov is an industrial center with well-developed chemical engineering, electrical, and car- and tractor component sectors. The region maintains trade and economic relations with 50 countries.
The region's diversified industry, in which engineering, metalworking, and the light,
food, and chemical industries figure prominently, has a determining role in the present-day output profile. Production volumes have increased over the last few years. The main industrial centers in Tambov Region are Tambov, Michurinsk, Morshansk, Kotovsk, Rasskazovo, Uvarovo, Kirsanov, Zherdevka, and Pervomaisky. More than 2400 industrial companies and facilities manufacturing products worth about $1 billion and employing 97 500 people operate in the region.
The Blazon of the city is a hive with three golden bees above it. It symbolizes the diligence of citizens, their peaceful labour and the beauty of the Tambov nature
Tambov is one of Russia's main cultural and intellectual centers with a rich and interesting history.
It was awarded the status of historic city in 1989. Architecturally, Tambov combines
modern buildings and old buildings dating from the 18th and 19th century, which have been restored
after many years of work and are now the city's pride and adornment. City authorities
attach great importance to preserving cultural, historical, and architectural monuments; for example, the city administration has a multi-year program for preserving monuments of the past.
Three professional theaters, the Regional Philharmonic, and more than 700 cultural and entertainment facilities operate in Tambov Region today. The Regional Drama Theater is Tambov's pride.
The territory's cultural and historical heritage is preserved in 12 regional museums, which have a total fund of 167 000 items. The best known museum is the Tambov Regional Local History Museum, which has a splendid fund of ethnographic and artistic materials, rare books from the 17th-19th centuries, unique collections of porcelain, weapons, and Russian medals, and information on outstanding people whose life and works were associated with Tambov Region. The G.V. Chicherin museum house and one of the few museums of the history of medicine in the country are also of great interest.
In addition to museums, the region has an extensive network of libraries. One of the oldest is the Pushkin Library, which was opened in the early 19th century.
Today, 711 public libraries with a stock of 11.1 million books operate in the Tambov Region.
Several research institutes, higher educational institutions, and a large number of general education and vocational schools operate in Tambov. The names of many famous Russians are associated with Tambov territory, for example, Sergei Rachmaninov, whose name is borne by the Tambov Music School, poet Gavriil Derzhavin, who was once governor of Tambov Province, Evgeny Baratynsky, Aleksei Zhemchuzhnikov, and many others. Materials on them are kept in the local history museum. One of the country's fi rst museums of the history of medicine has operated in Tambov for many years.
drama theater, regional philharmonic, and art gallery are very popular with residents and visitors alike. Modern-day Tambov is a beautiful clean city where former mansions of the nobility, old churches, and modern buildings stand side by side.