The Main Dates of Life of V.I.Vernadsky
- Vladimir Ivanovich Vernadsky was born in Petersburg, March 12,
- 1868 - The Vernadskys moved to Kharkov.
- 1873-1876 - Studied in the First classical gymnasium (Kharkov).
- 1876-1881 - Studied in the First classical gymnasium
- 1881-1885 - Student of the physical-mathematical faculty
(natural-scientific section) of Petersburg University.
- 1882 - Participated in a general student meeting. Arrested.
- 1884 - Participated in Nizhny Novgorod soil expedition
headed by V.V.Dokuchaev.
- 1885 - Graduated from the physical-mathematical faculty of
St.Petersburg University; remained at the University to prepare for
- 1885 - 1890 - Curator of the Mineralogical Office of the
- 1886 - Married Natalia Ye. Staritskaya. Elected a full
member of the Petersburg Society of naturalists.
- 1887 - Birth of his son Georgy. Elected a member of the
Free Economical Society. Sent by the Society to study the phosphorities
of the Smolensk province.
- 1888-1890 - Sent by the Petersburg University to Italy,
Germany and France for further education.
- 1889 - Elected a Corresponding Member of the British
association of sciences. Elected a member of the French mineralogical
society. Participated in the international exhibition in Paris (presenting
the soil collection of V.V.Dokuchaev).
- 1890 - Settled in Moscow. Becomes a private-docent for
teaching mineralogy and crystallography and a temporary curator of the
Mineralogical Office of the Moscow University. Elected a member of the Moscow
Society of naturalists.
- 1890-1911 - Professor of mineralogy and crystallography of
the Moscow University.
- 1891 - Took part in the expedition headed by Dokuchaev in
the Poltava province. Maintained the magister thesis On the sillimanite
group and on the role of the alumina in the silicates. Elected a member
of the Society of the naturalists, anthropologists and ethnographers at the
Moscow University. Elected a member of the Moscow Society of agriculture.
- 1892 - Becomes the curator of the Mineralogical Office of
the Moscow University.
- 1893 - Elected a member of the Mineralogical Society
(Petersburg). Elected a member of the Society for emirical knowledge at the
University of Kharkov.
- 1894 - Despatched to Europe for research and visiting
mineralogical museums of Austria-Hungary, Germany, Switzerland, France.
For the first time in Russia introduced regular mineralogical expedition
with students into curricula.
- 1895-1897 - Expeditions on the Urals.
- 1896 - Sent for a research mission to Europe (Germany,
- 1897 - Defended (at the University of Petersburg) his
thesis for a Doctor degree The phenomena of the sliding of the crystalline
substance. Participated in the second session of the International
Geological Congress (Petersburg).
- 1897-1906 - Professor of Mineralogy at the Women's team
- 1898 - Birth of his daughter Nina. A scientific voyage
to Europe (Italy, Austria-Hungary, Germany, France).
- 1898-1902 - The extraordinary professor of the Moscow
- 1899 - Development of Theory of silicates structure
and publication of Course of mineralogy. Geological-mineralogical
expeditions in Crimea, Kerch and Taman Peninsulas, and Caucasus.
- 1900 - A voyage over the European countries (Germany,
Denmark, Netherlands, France). Took part in the work of the 8th session of the
International Geological Congress in Paris.
- 1901 - Geological expeditions in the Tambov and Poltava
provinces. Organized a circle at the Mineralogical Office which became a
formal nucleus for a mineralogical school.
- 1902-1903 - Lectured at the Moscow University on the
history of natural sciences.
- 1904 - Geological expedition over the Poltava and Kiev
provinces. Participated in the work of the First General Congress of the
zemstvos in Petersburg.
- 1905 - Elected an assistant rector of the Moscow University.
Elected a member of the All-Russian league of enlightment.
Became a member of the Constitutional-democratic party.
- 1906 - Elected a full adjunct member of the Petersburg Academy
of Sciences by the physical-mathematical department (mineralogy).
Elected a member of the State council from the Academy of Sciences and
universities. Left the State council as a token of protest against the
declining of a draft law of the Duma and against the dismissal of the State
- 1906-1914 - Manager of the Mineralogical department of the
Geological museum of the Academy of Sciences.
- 1907 - Organized the first reconnaissance expedition to
search the radioactive minerals on the territory of Russia.
- 1908 - Elected an extraordinary academician of the Academy
of Sciences. Elected to the State council for the second time. Sent for a
scientific mission to France and Great Britain. Participated in the work of the
Congress of the British Assosiation of sciences in Dublin.
- 1909 - Elected a member of the Society for the unification
of the Russia's peoples. Participated in the 12th congress of Russian
naturalists and physicians in Moscow. Read a program report Paragenesis
of the chemical elements in the earth crust. Made a long trip over the
countries of the Western Europe. A geological expedition to the Volyn' province.
- 1910 - Wrote a report On the necessity for studying
the radioactive minerals of the Russian empire. Read a report Topical
targets in the area of radium research at the general meeting of the
Academy of Sciences.
- 1911 - Resigned from the Moscow University as a token protest
against the reactionary policy of the Tsar government. Moved to Petersburg.
Organized and headed the expeditions of the Academy of Sciences searching
radium minerals in Transcaucasia, Middle Asia, and the Urals.
- 1912 - Elected an ordinary academician of the Academy
of Sciences. Organized and headed the permanently acting radium expedition
of the Academy of Sciences.
- 1913 - Participated in the 13th session of the International
Geological Congress in Toronto; made excursions in Canada and the USA.
- 1914 - Appointed the director of the Geological and
Mineralogical museum of the Academy of Sciences (Petersburg).
- 1915 - Chairman of the Commission on studying the natural
productive forces of Russia.
- 1917 - Elected a member of the academic council of Ministry
of Agriculture. Appointed the chairman of the Commission for educational
institutions and scientific enterprises of the Ministry of people's education.
Elected the assistant Minister of people's education. Sent to Poltava to
continue works on biogeochemistry and living sustance.
- 1918 - Moved to Kiev. Founded the Ukrainian Academy of
Sciences and became its first President. Gave lectures on geochemistry in the
University of Kiev. Dropped out of the Constitutional-democratic party.
- 1919 - Moved to Simferopol.
- 1920 - Rector of the Tauria University in Simferopol.
- 1921 - Moved to Petrograd. Founded the Radium Institute
in Moscow. Elected the professor of mineralogy of the University of Paris
- 1922 - Scientific mission to France to give lectures in
geochemistry at Sorbonne.
- 1926 - Returned to Leningrad, published the work
- 1927 - Publication of the work Features on Geochemistry.
- 1929-1945 - Headed the Biogeochemical laboratory of the
Academy of sciences of the USSR (now - Institute of Geochemistry and
Analytical Chemistry named after V.I.Vernadsky of Russian Academy of Sciences).
- 1932 - Sent for scientific mission to Germany, France,
Czechoslovakia. Participated in the work of the First International Congress
on Radioactivity (Germany). Guided the work the First All-Union conference on
Radioactivity problems (Leningrad).
- 1933 - Was at the head of the Meteorites commission founded
on his initiative at the Academy of Sciences of the USSR.
- 1934 - Elected the chairman of the Commission on heavy water
studies formed by him in the USSR Academy of Sciences.
- 1935 - Moved to Moscow. Elected the vice-president of the
Moscow society of naturalists.
- 1935-1936 - Scientific missions to Czechoslovakia, France,
- 1936 - Elected an honorary member of Society of biological
chemistry of India. Participated in the Second Conference on experimental
mineralogy and petrography (Moscow), gave the report On the importance
of radiogeology for modern geology.
- 1937 - Participated in the 17th Session of the International
Geological Congress (Moscow).
- 1938 - Elected a foreign corresponding member of the Belgian
- 1939 - The chairman of the Committee in meteorites of the
USSR Academy of Sciences, the Commission on the isotopes of the USSR Academy
of Sciences, the Commission on the mineral waters of the USSR Academy of
- 1940 - Started work on the problem Life and Cosmos.
Participated in the work of conferences (1) on comparative physiology and
(2) on the pegmatite problem (both in Kiev).
- 1941 - Evacuated with a group of scientists to Borovoe
(Kazakhstan), where continued research in various scientific problems.
- 1942 - Rewarded with the State Prize of the USSR for the
eminent works in the sphere of science and engineering and decorated with
the Order of the Red Banner of Labour for the outstanding merits in the
development of geochemistry and genetic mineralogy.
- 1943 - Death of his wife. Returned to Moscow from evacuation.
- 1944 - Publication of his last work Some words about
noosphere. Elected an honorary member of the Mendeleev All-Union
Chemical Society. Confirmed his appointment as a member of the Commission
of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR onthe history of biological sciences
- 1945 - Died in January 6, 1945 in Moscow. Buried at the
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