REVIEW units 3 -4
1. Match the word/phrase to its definition.
2. Do the quiz.
1. The European Court of Justice determines issues relating to the interpretation or application of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (1950).
2. The UK Government by signing the European Convention on Human Rights incorporated the Convention into UK law.
3. Which of the following statements accurately describe the relationship between Parliamentary Sovereignty and the European Convention on Human Rights? Please select all that apply.
a) The European Convention on Human Rights has been incorporated by Parliament into UK law by the Human Rights Act 1998.
b) UK courts may strike down legislation which is incompatible with the European Convention on Human Rights
c) The UK courts must read and give effect to primary legislation and subordinate legislation in a way which is compatible with the Convention rights in 'so far as it is possible to do so.'
d) Certain UK courts may declare that legislation is incompatible with the European Convention on Human Rights.
4. Which of the following statements most accurately states the approach of the UK courts to the interpretation of legislation under s.3 of Human Rights Act 1998?
a) The UK courts must find an ambiguity in legislation in order to be able, under s.3, to read the legislation in a way which is compatible with the Convention rights.
b) The UK courts cannot give an interpretation to the words used in a piece of legislation that the words will not bear.
c) Under s.3 of Human Rights Act 1998 the UK courts may give a linguistically strained meaning to the words used in legislation, even reading words in, to ensure compatibility with Convention rights.
d) The UK courts may give the words used in a piece of legislation a linguistically strained meaning but cannot read words into legislation.
5. Should a UK court be unable to interpret legislation under s.3 Human Rights Act 1998 to ensure compatibility with the European Convention on Human Rights then it may make a ___________ __ _______________.
6.When a bill has been introduced into Parliament, before its second reading a _________ __ _____________ must be made in writing by the minister in charge of the bill.
7. Judgments of the European Court of Human Rights are not binding on the UK courts and therefore need not be considered by such courts.
8. Which of the following statements most accurately reflects the approach to be adopted by a UK court when faced by a binding precedent under domestic law which conflicts with the European Convention on Human Rights?
a) All courts may ignore the binding precedent.
b) By s6(1) of Human Rights Act 1998 it is unlawful for a court to act incompatibly with a Convention right and so a court must ignore a conflicting binding precedent.
c) The superior courts may refuse to follow a conflicting precedent.
d) Courts lower than the House of Lords must follow a binding precedent even where it conflicts with a Convention right; any conflict may be dealt with by the House of Lords.
9. By s.6 of the 1998 Act it is unlawful for a «______ _________» to act in a way which is incompatible with a Convention right.
10. Which of the following may be considered, in whole or part, to be public authorities? Please select all that apply.
a) A court or tribunal.
b) A Parochial Church Council.
c) The police.
Let’s talk about trust. We all know trust is fundamental, but when it comes to trusting people, something profound is happening. Please raise your hand if you have ever been a host or a guest on Airbnb. Wow. That’s a lot of you. Who owns Bitcoin? Still a ________ of you. OK. And please raise your hand if you’ve ever ________ Tinder to help you find a mate. This one’s really hard to count because you’re kind of going like this. These are all examples of how technology is creating new ________ that are enabling us to trust unknown people, companies and ideas. And yet at the same time, trust in institutions – ________, governments and even churches – is collapsing. So what’s happening here, and who do you trust? Let’s start in France with a platform – with a ________, I should say – with a rather funny-sounding name, BlaBlaCar. It’s a platform that matches drivers and ________ who want to share long-distance journeys together. The average ride taken is 320 kilometers. So it’s a good idea to choose your fellow travelers wisely. Social profiles and reviews help people make a ________. You can see if someone’s a smoker, you can see what kind of music they like, you can see if they’re going to bring ________ dog along for the ride. But it turns out that the key social identifier is how much you’re going to talk in the car. Bla, not a lot, bla bla, you want a nice bit of chitchat, and bla bla bla, you’re not going to stop talking the entire way from London to ________. It’s remarkable, right, that this idea works at all, because it’s counter to the lesson most of us were taught as a child: never get in a car ________ a stranger. And yet, BlaBlaCar ________ more than four million people every single month. To put that in context, that’s more passengers than the Eurostar or JetBlue airlines carry. BlaBlaCar is a beautiful illustration of how technology is enabling millions of people across the world to take a trust leap. A ________ leap happens when we take the risk to do something new or different to the way that we’ve always done it. Let’s try to ________ this together. OK. I want you to close your eyes. There is a ________ staring at me with his eyes wide open. I’m ________ this big red circle. I can see. So close your eyes. I’ll do it with you. And I want you to imagine there exists a gap between you and something unknown. That unknown can be someone you’ve just met. It can be a place you’ve never been to. It can ________ something you’ve ________ tried before. ________ got it? OK. You can open your eyes now. For you to leap from a place of certainty, to take a chance on that someone or something unknown, you need a force to pull you over the gap, and that remarkable force is ________. Trust is an elusive concept, and yet we depend on it for our lives to function. I trust my children when they say they’re going to turn the lights out at night. I ________ the pilot who flew me here to keep me safe. It’s a ________ we use a lot, without always thinking about what it really means and how it works in different contexts of our lives.
2. After watching the video say in what context the following words and phrases were mentioned.
· hundreds of definitions of trust
· risk assessment
· go right
· it makes trust sound rational and predictable
· the human essence
· it empowers us to connect with other people
· I define trust a little differently
· a confident relationship to the unknown
· this lens
· unique capacity
· to place our faith in strangers
· to keep moving forward
· trust leap
· put your credit card details into a website
· to buy a navy blue secondhand
· «Invisible Wizard»
3. Say if these statements are true or false.
1. Technology is transforming the social glue of society.
2. There is a common pattern that people follow, and I call it «climbing the trust stack». On the first level, you have to trust the idea. So you have to trust the idea of ride-sharing is safe and worth trying. The second level is about having confidence in the platform, that BlaBlaCar will help you if something goes wrong. And the third level is about using little bits of information to decide whether the other person is trustworthy.
3. Trust enables change and innovation.
4. Trust has only evolved in three significant chapters throughout the course of human history: local, institutional and what we’re now entering, distributed.
5. In the mid-19th century, society went through a tremendous amount of change.
It’s widely talked about how trust in institutions and many corporate brands has been steadily declining and continues to do so.
7. Institutional trust isn’t working because we are fed up with the sheer audacity of dishonest elites.
11. «The Economist» eloquently described the blockchain as the great chain of being sure about things.
4. Discuss the questions.
1. Do men and women trust differently in digital environments?
2. Does the way we build trust face-to-face translate online?
3. Does trust transfer?
4. If you trust finding a mate on Tinder, are you more likely to trust finding a ride on BlaBlaCar?